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Frequently Asked Questions


It is common to have questions about your sexual health that you feel may be too embarrassing to ask your doctor. At South Florida Urology Institute, we want all of our patients to feel safe and assured that optimal sexual health and wellness is most important to us. Here are ten frequently asked questions from our patients:

I think I have erectile dysfunction. What causes it?

Several different health conditions can cause erectile dysfunction. Treating any underlying health conditions may improve symptoms of ED. There are oral medications that can help improve ED symptoms as well along with medications that can be injected directly into the penis. If it is suspected that psychological issues cause ED, counseling or therapy may help.

What happens to sperm after a vasectomy?

After a vasectomy procedure, the testes will continue to make sperm. As the sperm cells die, they will disintegrate and be absorbed into the body.

Is a vasectomy 100 percent effective?

No method of birth control is 100 percent effective other than total abstinence. In extremely rare cases, it is possible for sperm to travel across the void between two blocked ends of the vas deferens. The failure rate of a vasectomy is very low; however, recanalization is possible within the first few months after a vasectomy.

I think I may be sterile. What are symptoms of male infertility?

Symptoms of infertility vary from person to person. The inability to ejaculate or a small volume of semen being released upon ejaculation are signs of infertility. If you are experiencing pain, swelling or a lump in the testicular or genital area, it is best to seek medical evaluation.

What are the causes of male infertility?

Sperm Flow Blockage – several different conditions can cause a blockage in sperm flow. Many times, it can be corrected with minor surgery.

Hormonal Problems – Hormonal fluctuation can sometimes decrease or half sperm production.

Infection – Epididymis and prostate infections can have a significant impact on male fertility.

Medication Side Effects – Some medications or medical treatments can interfere with sperm production.

Genetic Abnormalities – Broken, missing, or extra chromosomes can have an impact on male fertility.

What can I do to boost fertility?

Maintaining a healthy BMI, eating a healthy diet, regular exercise, taking vitamin supplements and drinking in moderation will all help boost your fertility. Taking a multivitamin can also help boost sperm count. Zinc increases sperm function and sperm count. Vitamin C, Vitamin D, Folic Acid and Coenzyme Q10 can also aid in healthy sexual health.

Can I do anything to lower my chances of developing prostate cancer?
Unfortunately, there’s no sure method of preventing prostate cancer, but maintaining a healthy lifestyle can help lower your risk. Exercising regularly, eating a healthy diet and talking to your doctor if you notice any unusual symptoms are key.
Are UTIs common?

UTIs are more common in women than men.  E. coli is the most common bacteria that causes UTIs.  Bladder infections are the most common site for a UTI.  Common symptoms of a UTI are urinary frequency, urgency, suprapubic tenderness, and burning with urination.

How can I prevent a UTI?
You can prevent a UTI by making more urine and emptying your bladder often. Drinking plenty of liquids helps flush any bacteria that may get into your urinary tract.  Holding for long periods can allow bacteria to multiply in the urinary tract causing cystitis.  Good personal hygiene habits are also important.
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